Is It Fair To Use A Credit Score To Determine Ins. Premiums?
Posted Scott B. Cooper on Jan 03, 2015 in Car Accidents
The Insurance Journal is reporting that homeowners with poor credit pay 91 percent more for homeowners’ insurance than people with excellent credit, according to a study by an online insurance shopping service. Also, Erie Insurance is using credit scores to help determine Pennsylvania car accident insurance premiums. Is this fair use of a credit score?
The report by insuranceQuotes.com also found that homeowners with median credit pay 29 percent more than those with excellent credit.
People with poor credit pay at least twice as much as people with excellent credit in 37 states and Washington, D.C. West Virginia’s 208 percent increase is the highest in the nation, followed by Virginia (186 percent), Ohio (185 percent) and Washington, D.C. (182 percent). The greatest differences between excellent and median credit were observed in Montana (65 percent), Washington, D.C. (60 percent) and Arizona (55 percent).
Only three states prohibit insurers from using credit to calculate homeowner’s insurance premiums: California, Massachusetts and Maryland. Should Pennsylvania be added to the list?
In Florida, while insurance companies are technically allowed to consider homeowners’ credit scores, insuranceQuotes.com said it found that credit does not typically affect premiums. Florida’s hurricane-prone location means that homeowners pay the highest homeowners’ insurance rates in the nation ($1,933 per year, which is almost double the national average of $978, according to the National Association of Insurance Commissioners). Credit appears to be a lesser concern in Florida’s homeowners’ insurance market.
According to the NAIC, about 85 percent of home insurers use credit-based insurance scores in states where it’s allowed.
According to insuranceQuotes.com, the following five states showed the greatest average premium increase after an excellent credit is downgraded to fair.
- Montana — 65 percent increase
- Washington, D.C. — 60 percent
- Arizona — 55 percent
- West Virginia — 53 percent
- Virginia — 52 percent
Excluding Maryland, Massachusetts and California, the following five states showed the smallest percentage increase after an excellent credit is downgraded to fair.
- Florida — 0 percent increase
- Hawaii — 6 percent
- New York — 11 percent
- North Carolina — 13 percent
- Wyoming — 18 percent
For the research, insuranceQuotes.com said it commissioned Quadrant Information Services to examine how credit affects homeowners’ insurance premiums. Quadrant calculated rates using data from six major carriers representing approximately 60 percent of market share in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. As the report notes, insurance credit scores, unlike traditional credit scores used by lenders and credit card companies, are not disclosed to consumers. Also, individual insurers vary in how much weight they give credit scores in their pricing and underwriting.
More information, including the findings for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., is available here.