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Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Eligibility and Qualifications

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a federal program that makes monthly cash payments to assist people with very limited income and few resources. SSI is a need-based program administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA). Although administered by Social Security, the SSI program is financed with general funds from the US Treasury, not from payroll tax withholding.

To be eligible for SSI payments, applicants must have low income and be age 65 or older, blind, or disabled. In addition, applicants must meet certain citizenship, income, and resource requirements.

Citizenship Requirements

In general, SSI applicants must be a United States Citizen or national and live in the United States or Northern Mariana Islands to qualify for benefits. However, in some cases, non-citizen residents can qualify for benefits.